Across the globe approximately 100,000 people play Wheelchair basketball from recreational to elite levels. Wheelchair basketball is one of the original Paralympic sports and first emerged around 1946 in the USA. Wheelchair basketball was developed by injured servicemen from World War II that were former able-bodied players that wanted to continue playing their sport of basketball.
Wheelchair basketball is played on standard basketball courts with standard height goals. The object of the game is to score the most points in the opposing team’s basket, just like able-bodied basketball. There are 10 minute stop clock quarters, 24 second shot clocks, normal time outs, subbing etc. The bulk of the rules are as for able-bodied basketball with some specific differences to cater for the chairs in terms of obstruction and fouls, double dribbles are allowed (as some players need to carry the ball on their lap) and a travel is where a player pushes on the wheel more than twice without bouncing the ball.
Any player who is not able to play basketball standing up due to physical disability is eligible to play Wheelchair basketball, although some players do not use wheelchairs in their daily lives.
However players are classified on a points system to ensure a mix of players can play, those with the highest level of disability have a 1 point classification through to players with minimal disability (or an able-bodied player – yes they can play at any level under full international rules) having a 4.5 classification. A team may only have five players totaling 14 points or less on the court ensuring the lower point players get fair court time. The lower point players (1-3) tend to be guards and the higher point players (3.5-4.5) forwards.